A TOTAL of 112 service delivery protests were recorded across the country from January to August 31 this year.
This figure is the second highest since the Municipal IQ began recording service delivery protests in 2004.
Gauteng has had the most protests at 24% of the total, followed by the Eastern Cape at 21% and KwaZulu-Natal at 14%.
Yesterday, the trend in Gauteng continued when residents of Waterworks informal settlement in Zuurbekom took to the streets as early as 3am. Burning tyres and rocks blocked the traffic intersection of the N12 and Impala Road. Traffic lights at the intersection were also damaged.
By 6am, the N12 had been closed and police used rubber bullets to disperse the angry crowd, who threw rocks at them.
A total of 176 people were arrested for public violence and malicious damage to property and police maintained their presence in the area for the remainder of the day.
Five people were injured during the protests, including a journalist.
Gladys Khoza, a councillor, said the land on which the informal settlement was built could not be developed as it was privately owned and dolomitic.
"We are now building houses in Westonaria South where they will benefit," Khoza said.
The Westonaria local municipality was negotiating with the City of Johannesburg for land which would be used for housing development.
Karen Heese, economist at Municipal IQ, said service delivery protest had become institutionalised and were used by communities to express unhappiness. There was also a perception that things were resolved if the protests were violent.