GLOBALISATION created the paradox of immigrant entrepreneurs in contrast to homeland capitalism.
There are homologous parallels in East Africa, West Africa and Southern Africa concerning the evolution of immigrant capitalism.
In East Africa (Kenya), the market is the dominion of Somali-Pakistani refugees.
In West Africa (Nigeria), the Lebanese dominate the textile industry and in Southern Africa, illicit trade by Somali refugees is sanctioned.
In Israel, Lebanon and Somalia, the influx of "alien infidels" (non-Semitic) religions are viewed as a threat to their de facto governments.
The weak immigration laws in the three economic African regions are due to the influential lobby of commercial refugees.
The terror in Westgate Mall in Kenya exposed the threat of alien hegemony in the economy and the Gupta scandal and the reckless cry of xenophobia seek to conceal homeland insecurity in South Africa.
Nomzamo Phazi Mpinga, Ikwezi Township, Mthatha